The Impact of Sleep on Safety

Tired WorkerWhat factor at least partially caused the following disasters?

  • The incident at Three Mile Island nuclear facility in 1979.
  • Bhopal Union Carbide tragedy in 1984.
  • Chernobyl in 1986.
  • The space shuttle Challenger accident in 1986.
  • Exxon Valdez oil spill in 1989.
  • Estonia ferry disaster in 1994.

Here’s a hint. The commonality is also related to each of the following:

  • A 32% reduction in performance and alertness in the workplace.
  • Impaired ability to think and process information.
  • Relationship problems.
  • Inability to pay attention.
  • Twofold higher risk of sustaining an occupational injury.
  • Unscheduled absenteeism.
  • 20% of all motor vehicle crashes.

What’s the link? What do all of these have in common? Sleep deprivation.

The Problem of a Lack of Sleep

CNN reports that doctors believe fatigue to be “dangerous.” Additionally, research shows that “America’s sleep problems have reached epidemic proportions, and may be the country’s number-one health problem.”

The National Commission on Sleep Disorders, as reported by CNN, believes the price tag for sleep deprivation in the workplace is $150 billion a year in higher stress and reduced workplace productivity. This is because, as The State Compensation Insurance Fund reports, that “sleep deprivation or fatigue affects a worker’s manual dexterity, reaction time and alertness.”

Sleep deprivation sets the stage for potential safety hazards and serious accident and costs employers money as well as often puts the public’s safety at risk and this in addition to the price individual employees pay as they struggle with the impact of a lack of sleep.

Fortunately, sleep deprivation has many possible solutions.

Suggestions for Employees

The individual employee must first determine if sleep deprivation is a problem. While difficulty sleeping and/or lack of sleep are often obvious, many sleep problems are not easily identified.

First, determine if you are getting enough sleep. The CDC reported that most adults need 7-9 hours of sleep every night but most are actually getting less than 6 hours.

Then, if sleep appears to be a problem, look for ways to improve your sleep and to create patterns and conditions that promote healthy sleep. This includes maintaining a regular sleep/wake schedule, establishing a relaxing bedtime routine, avoiding or reducing caffeine and nicotine, and making sure your bed and pillows are comfortable.

Other suggestions including learning to leave stress at the office by writing the next day’s to do list before leaving work for the day and establishing a relaxation routine for the drive home.

The vast majority of sleep problems lie within an individual’s ability to control. Your “sleep hygiene” can significantly impact your ability to get a good night’s sleep, wake feeling refreshed, and remain alert throughout the day.

Be aware that there are sleep conditions that you cannot fix on your own, and know “When to Call a Doctor About Sleep Disorders.”

Suggestions for Employers

While the onus for getting enough sleep lies primarily with the individual, employers can promote the idea of adequate sleep by implementing ideas such as the following:

  • Promote regular rest by the amount of time off employees receive.
  • Provide regular rest breaks during the workday.
  • Avoid shift lengths, such as those often found in hospitals, that often add to the number of mental errors.
  • Avoid requiring work beyond a regular shift, especially if a worker is obviously tired.
  • Educate workers on the effects of inadequate sleep.

While employers are definitely limited in their impact on how much sleep employees get, they can still promote the importance of proper sleep as well as integrate information about sleep-deprivation into workplace safety programs.

The problem of sleep deprivation will not go away on its own. Employers and employees must take steps to promote the value of adequate sleep. Doing so, or not, will significantly impact our safety and well-being.

Workplace Eye Wellness Month

Caution - Safety Glasses RequiredIn order to prevent the over 25,000 eye injuries occurring each year, eye safety must be a daily priority in the workplace. To help in that prevention effort, Prevent Blindness America has declared March to be Workplace Eye Wellness Month as a way to reemphasize the importance of keeping eyes safe while at work.

To that end, let’s look at ways to promote eye wellness in the workplace and thus help reduce the number of eye injuries on the job.

  1. Wear proper eye protection. About 90% of eye injuries in the workplace can be prevented through the wearing of proper eye protection. Do this by first knowing what’s available and then by choosing the best option for your situation.
  2. Follow employer guidelines. OSHA requirements provide clear guidelines for employers, and Promoting Workplace Safety is essential to eye injury prevention. Yet, none of these guidelines and programs matter if individuals fail to follow them.
  3. Keep eye protection clean & clear. Make sure you have Good Habits for Safety Glass Maintenance to help ensure your eye protection is working optimally at all times.
  4. Give your eyes a break. Managing Electronic Display Eye Strain will go a long way in keeping eyes healthy and strong as well as prevent long-term and possibly permanent damage to eyes.
  5. Establish habits. While your employer may and hopefully does have a workplace eye safety program, the health of the eyes is ultimately up to the individual. For this reason, be sure to understand the Importance of Good Eye Safety Habits.

For those wanting to take eye wellness a step further, Prevent Blindness America offers several options including vision screening programs and educational resources.

While not all injuries in the workplace can be prevented, a lot can be done to greatly reduce not only the number of injuries sustained but also the severity of the injuries that do take place. If an eye injury does take place, promote a return to eye wellness by doing the following BEFORE you need to know what to do.

  1. Know what to do when an injury happens. We must all ask the question, “Do you know what to do?” when an eye injury occurs. Take steps to make sure the answer to that question is “Yes!” before you need to know.
  2. Understand the most common causes of injury. Knowing the Most Common Types of Eye Injuries can not only help prevent them, but it can also help in knowing what to do when they happen.

First and foremost, wear eye protection and wear the right eye protection to make sure eyes remain healthy while at work. After that, take steps to educate yourself. Learn the steps for preventing eye injury, and learn what to do when an eye injury happens. Taking these steps will help to ensure that workplace eye wellness is a way of life and not just a once-a-year focus.