Eye Injuries Happen Way Too Often
Over 2.5 million eye injuries happen every year in the United States with 50,000 people losing at least partial vision. Of that 2.5 million, almost 18% are caused by projectile objects, 13% by blunt objects, 10% by body parts (fingers, elbows, fists, etc.), and 9% by sharp objects.
Of the millions of eye injuries that take place each year, almost half of them (44%) occur in the home and 40% during sports activities. The remaining 16% is taken up by miscellaneous and work-related injuries.
The 5 Most Common Types Of Eye Injuries
- Scratches: Most commonly, an eye becomes scratched when a foreign body enters it, and the individual then rubs the eye in an attempt to remove the irritation. Eyes can also become scratched when they are hit by a foreign body. A scratched eye can become severe very quickly, with a fungal infection, for example, so seeing a doctor if there is no improvement in a day or two is crucial.
- Chemical Burn: This type of injury often happens when a chemical is splashed into the eye or transferred from an individual’s hands. Fumes and vapors can also cause chemical burns. Finding out the type of chemical, acid or alkali, is crucial since one (acid) can be washed out more easily than the other (alkali). If eyes become red or blurry or do not improve after 24 hours, see a doctor.
- Flash Burn: Burns to the eyes come from sources such as sunlight, welding, tanning booths, and sunlamps. Protecting eyes against sunburn, Yes, Your Eyes Can Get a Sunburn, and taking precaution in welding and other situations is essential to preventing flash burns.
- Foreign Object: An object in the eye can be anything from an eyelash and dust to wood splinters and food. While time and eye flushing can remove these objects, when a foreign object, such as a fish hook, actually penetrates the eye, self-removal is a bad idea. Instead, getting to a doctor right away is important. Also, if the eye is scratched by the object and does not improve in a couple of days, see your doctor.
- Impacts: These types of injuries often happen in sports, and the result is usually a swollen, black and blue eye. It’s important to check for additional injuries, such as a broken eye socket or internal damage, when a blow to the eye occurs, so see your doctor right away.
Most Eye Injuries Are Preventable
Perhaps the most startling fact regarding eye injuries, regardless of type and cause, is that 90% of all eye injuries could be prevented by wearing protective eyewear. Only 50% of people wear them when working around the house, which is the most likely place to receive an eye injury. Also, knowing what to do as well as what NOT to do in Eye Emergencies is also important.
The best approach for eye safety involves a preventative one, so Take Time to Focus on Eye Health and Safety, and do what you can to Be Eye Safety Conscious because Eye Injuries Can Occur at Any Time and in Any Place.