STAY Safe in Extreme Cold

Those living in certain places of the world like the upper Midwest United States, Canada and Russia expect cold and snow as part of their normal yearly weather cycle. But a Polar Vortex has individuals living in these places and many others experiencing frigid temperatures thatCold Weather present even the most seasoned cold-weather dwellers with a need to plan more than usual for safety in extreme cold.

To help create the proper mindset, keep the word “stay” in mind for managing life in extreme cold temperatures (anything near or below freezing).

STAY Aware

  • Regularly watch local weather reports, especially paying attention to windchill temperatures and storm warnings.
  • Know the warning signs of hypothermia and frostbite and be educated on what to do should either occur.
  • Keep road conditions in mind at all times, and adjust driving speed accordingly since getting stranded in extreme cold is especially dangerous.
  • Check the condition of water pipes, doing what you can to keep them from freezing and breaking.
  • Know when going outside is a bad idea, and stay inside as much as possible.
  • Realize that cold affects the elderly and the very young more quickly and more severely, so make sure they stay out of extreme cold and check in on them often.
  • Don’t forget that extreme cold is dangerous for pets too.
  • Help road crews out, and avoid travel immediately after heavy snowfalls.

STAY Prepared

  • Have a week’s worth of food and water should weather conditions prevent a trip to the store.
  • Have a well-stocked Winter Home Emergency Supply Kit at home and a Winter Emergency Car Kit in trunks of all vehicles, and check them regularly to make sure they stay well-supplied.
  • Insulate pipes if freezing is a concern, and know what to do if pipes freeze .
  • Make sure all vehicles are properly winterized with gas tanks kept always at least half full.
  • Keep sunglasses handy when driving, especially when clouds clear and the sun starts reflecting off the snow.
  • Always travel with a fully-charged cell phone should you become stranded and need to call for help.
  • Let others know your specific travel plans (route, timing, etc.), so you can get help as soon as possible should your vehicle break down or get stuck in the snow.

STAY Warm & Dry

  • If you need to go outside, remember that the chances of hypothermia increase when clothing is wet.
  • Wear several loose-fitting layers, including water-repellent gear.
  • Keep in mind that sweating dampens clothes, and that wet clothing can lower body temperature and contribute to hypothermia.
  • Remove wet clothing as soon as possible, having spares available when you know you’ll be outside.
  • Remember to keep extremities covered as they are more susceptible to frostbite.
  • Don’t forget to cover your mouth also, since extreme cold can hurt the lungs.
  • Especially in extreme temperatures caused by windchill, cover every part of skin since frostbite can occur in a matter of minutes.
  • Be sure to dress in layers, which traps warm air that acts as insulation.
  • Wear a hat since 40% of body heat can escape through the head.
  • Keep hands warm and functional at the same time by choosing the proper gloves for use in extreme cold.
  • Make sure heating sources are adequately fueled and maintained at all times.

Prevention still remains the best solution for surviving extreme cold temperatures no matter where you live. When frigid arctic air decides to stick around for any length of time, STAY healthy and safe by preventing emergencies whenever possible and by knowing the best course of action when they do happen.

New Year’s Eye Safety Resolutions

New Year’s resolutions abound this time of year, covering every aspect of improving yourself from eating and fitness to organizing and relationships. Yet, even though about 2,000 workers a day suffer eye injury requiring medical treatment and about 125,000 eye injuries involving eyewash-stationcommon household activities take place yearly, rarely does anyone include an improved approach to eye safety in their resolution list.

Even if you don’t make it one of your resolution goals, at least resolve to focus on the basics of eye safety in the coming year. Basic eye safety includes:

  • Consistently wearing sunglasses with UV protection, even on cloudy days.
  • Making sure safety glasses or goggles are always readily available.
  • Getting an eye exam if you have not done so in the last couple of years.

To go even more in-depth with eye safety in 2014, consider carrying out a simple Eye Safety Audit both at home and at work. The basic assessment below, along with the additional resources that follow, exists to help you do just that.

Basic Eye Safety Audit

A Basic Eye Safety Audit doesn’t have to be a major undertaking. The four steps listed below won’t take long to complete but can go a long way in ensuring good eye health in 2014 and beyond.

  1. Assess: Take stock of your current approach to eye safety. Is appropriate protective eyewear readily available to fit the most common situations and individuals involved? Is the eyewear cared for properly? Is there a safety plan in place to prevent accidents? Is there an emergency plan in place? Has everyone been properly educated regarding eyewear safety, proper care of protective eyewear and appropriate emergency action?
  2. Evaluate: Take your assessment from Step 1 and ask these questions. Is additional appropriate eyewear needed? Is a safety plan needed? Or, does the current safety plan need revised? Is the plan written down? Does everyone know about the plan? What about the emergency plan should an accident occur?
  3. Plan: Make a list of the products needing purchased. Make a list of information needed for a comprehensive safety plan. Use the resources below to help create a safety plan and/or emergency plan.
  4. Implement: Go to Safetyglasses USA, with categories to help find the product to best meet your needs, to purchase the necessary safety eyewear. Finalize your eye safety and emergency plans as well as purchase the necessary items (such as emergency eyewash kits and posters) for each plan to be carried out effectively.

To help implement this Basic Eye Safety Audit, we’ve compiled a list of resources that provide the information necessary to protect your eyes and the eyes of those in our life.

Eye Safety Resources

Eye Injury Prevention: A Quick and Easy Approach

Sun Safety: What to Do Before, During & After Sun Exposure

A Lesson from Anderson Cooper: Your Eyes CAN Get Sunburned

Eye Injury Misconceptions

Take Time to Focus on Eye Health & Safety

Be Eye Safety Conscious: 5 Ways to Prevent Common Eye Irritations

A Serious Reality: Workplace Eye Safety Compliance

5 Tips for Promoting Workplace Safety

Eye Emergencies: Do You Know What to Do?

How to Clean Your Safety Glasses

Workplace Safety: Have You Learned from the Past?

Think Your Organization is One of the Safest in America?

Taking just a few minutes to read through these articles may provide the knowledge needed to help avoid becoming a part of the 2,000 workers daily or 125,000 individuals yearly outside of work receiving eye injuries that require medical attention not to mention the many now having to live with permanent eye damage.

“You’ll shoot your eye out, Mom!”

Over the years, parents have warned their children countless times to be careful with objects that pose an obvious threat to their eyes, including things like BB guns and scissors. Now it’s the parents’ turn to hear a similar warning regarding champagne corks as well as those from sparkling champagnewine and juice.

Turns out, a flying cork really could take out a person’s eye. Not really surprising since a corked champagne bottle has 3x the pressure of a car tire and comes out of the bottle at 60mph.

A cork, being the perfect size to fit in a person’s eye socket, can cause a corneal abrasion (scratch to the surface of the eye), retinal detachment and even permanent blindness as it flies out of a bottle of champagne or sparkling wine or juice.

Because of the fairly common occurrence of these injuries, especially during the holidays, the American Academy of Ophthalmology issued a public service warning reminding of the dangers and providing tips on how to avoid shooting your eye out with a champagne cork.

  1. Keep the bottle chilled since pressure can build more in a warm bottle.
  2. Avoid shaking the bottle, which only increases the pressure and the cork speed.
  3. Place a towel over the top of the bottle to keep corks from launching into the air.
  4. Watch your aim by pointing the bottle away from people.
  5. Hold the cork and twist the bottle instead of the other way around.
  6. Never use a corkscrew, which basically makes a cork an even more dangerous projectile.

To make sure you get a kiss along with your bubbly instead of a trip to the emergency room to ring in the New Year, plan to use these tips for safely opening that bottle of bubbly when the clock strikes midnight.